- Natural product: Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa)
- Associated study: Effects of mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine (the alkaloids of Mitragyna speciosa Korth) on 4-methylumbelliferone glucuronidation in rat and human liver microsomes and recombinant human uridine 5’- diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase isoforms
In Vitro Enzyme Inhibition Experiment
Negligible inhibition of UGT in human liver microsomes by mitragynine
Negligible Inhibition was detected. Cutoff used —
IC50 > 10 μM are low potential inhibitors.
1 μM < IC50 < 10 μM are moderate potential inhibitors.
IC50 < 1 μM are high potential inhibitors.
Cell fraction Pooled human liver microsomes -7999662
The IC50 values were all greater than the highest concentrations used (IC50 > 100 μM) since inhibition at more than 50% did not occur at the highest concentration.
Concentration of precipitant and % inhibition of pooled human liver microsomes (intermediate values estimated from figure 3) (p < 0.05 for all values)
0.01 μM: 16 ± 3%
0.1 μM: 26 ± 3%
1 μM: 29 ± 3%
10 μM:30 ± 2%
100 μM: See above data
|Sample||Compound measured||Value||Measurement||Study sequence||Additional information||N replicates|
Pooled human liver microsomes were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich; The enzyme activity assay mixture (250 μL) contained Tris-HCl (100 mM) (pH 7.4), MgCl (5 mM), microsomal protein (0.1 mg/mL), Triton X-100 (0.005%), UDPGA (3 mM), and 4-MU (100 μM).
Tested concentrations of precipitant only up to 100 μM due to limited solubility